First rinse the irritated area with warm water (or salt water). Use dental floss to dislodge any food or debris around the irritated area. Place a cold compress on the face if swelling occurs. Give the child acetaminophen for any pain, rather than placing aspirin on the teeth or gums.
Knocked out permanent teeth
The most important thing to do is to remain calm. First find the tooth and second retrieve it. Hold it by the crown verses the root. You can rinse gently with cold water but do not scrub or clean with soap. Attempt to reinsert it back into the socket immediately and hold it there with clean gauze or a wash cloth. If that is not possible put the tooth in a glass of cold milk and take to the dentist.
Chipped or Fractured Permanent tooth
Contact your pediatric dentist as soon as possible. Fast action can save the tooth, prevent infection and reduce the need for extensive dental treatment. Rinse the mouth with warm water. If swelling occurs apply a cold compress. Like with a knocked out permanent tooth put the chip from the tooth in milk and carry with you to the dentist.
Cut or Bitten Tongue, Lip or cheek
To stop bleeding, use firm yet gentle pressure with gauze or a wash cloth. Apply a cold pack/ice to the area to reduce swelling.
Source: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. For additional information, please go to www.AAPD.org